6 Best Dialysis Machine for Hospitals

Best Dialysis Machine: In medicine, dialysis is the process of removing excess water, solutes.

And toxins from the blood in people whose kidneys can no longer perform these functions naturally.

This is referred to as renal replacement therapy.

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Best Dialysis Machine

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Best Dialysis Machine

Dialysis may need to be initiated when there is a sudden rapid loss of kidney function.

Known as acute kidney injury (previously called acute renal failure).

Or when a gradual decline in kidney function chronic kidney disease reaches stage 5.

Stage 5 chronic renal failure is reached when the glomerular filtration rate is 10–15% of normal.

Creatinine clearance is less than 10mL per minute and uremia is present.

Dialysis is used as a temporary measure in either acute kidney injury or in those awaiting kidney transplant.

And as a permanent measure in those for whom a transplant is not indicated or not possible.

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Dialysis Machine:

  1. Dialyzer Dialyzer Reprocessing Machine
  2. Fresenius Dialysis Machine
  3. Hemodialysis Machine
  4. Nipro Dialysis Machine
  5. Peritoneal Dialysis Equipment
  6. Transducer Protector

Best Dialysis Machine

Dialysis works on the principles of the diffusion of solutes and ultrafiltration of fluid across a semi-permeable membrane.

Diffusion is a property of substances in water; substances in water tend to move from an area of high concentration to an area of low concentration.

Blood flows by one side of a semi-permeable membrane, and a dialysate, or special dialysis fluid, flows by the opposite side.

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A semipermeable membrane is a thin layer of material that contains holes of various sizes, or pores.

Smaller solutes and fluid pass through the membrane.

But the membrane blocks the passage of larger substances (for example, red blood cells and large proteins).

This replicates the filtering process that takes place in the kidneys.

When the blood enters the kidneys and the larger substances are separated from the smaller ones in the glomerulus.

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Best Dialysis Machine

The two main types of dialysis, hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis.

Remove wastes and excess water from the blood in different ways.

Hemodialysis removes wastes and water by circulating blood outside the body through an external filter, called a dialyzer, that contains a semipermeable membrane.

The blood flows in one direction and the dialysate flows in the opposite.

The counter-current flow of the blood and dialysate maximizes the concentration gradient of solutes between the blood and dialysate.

Which helps to remove more urea and creatinine from the blood.

The concentrations of solutes normally found in the urine (for example potassium, phosphorus and urea) are undesirably high in the blood.

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Best Dialysis Machine

But low or absent in the dialysis solution, and constant replacement of the dialysate ensures that the concentration of undesired solutes is kept low on this side of the membrane.

The dialysis solution has levels of minerals like potassium and calcium that are similar to their natural concentration in healthy blood.

For another solute, bicarbonate, dialysis solution level is set at a slightly higher level than in normal blood.

To encourage the diffusion of bicarbonate into the blood.

To act as a pH buffer to neutralize the metabolic acidosis that is often present in these patients.

The levels of the components of dialysate are typically prescribed by a nephrologist according to the needs of the individual patient.

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Best Dialysis Machine

In peritoneal dialysis, wastes and water are removed from the blood inside the body using the peritoneum as a natural semipermeable membrane.

Wastes and excess water move from the blood, across the peritoneal membrane and into a special dialysis solution, called dialysate, in the abdominal cavity.

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