How to Prorate Market Research Analyst Salary
Market Research Analyst Salary
Prorating employee pay is easy — generally, you’ll just need to determine what fraction of the normal pay period the employee worked for and pay the appropriate amount.
Both the daily pay and percent of pay period methods below are legal under federal law.^{ }
The results will be the same if the employee receives weekly paychecks.
And usually very close if the employee receives monthly paychecks.
Market Research Analyst Salary
Determine the annual salary before taxes.
Start with the official annual salary of the employee.
Don’t worry about taxes for now; they are deducted at the end of this section.
Divide the annual salary by the number of workweeks in a year.
This is the amount of money the employee earns in one week.
Use the annual salary before taxes and other deductions.
 For an employee that works the entire year, there are 52 workweeks.
 For example, an employee that makes $30,000 a year earns 30,000 ÷ 52 = $576.92 per week.
Divide the weekly salary by the number of workdays per week.
 Continuing our example, the employee with a weekly salary of 576.92 works 5 days a week. Her daily salary is 576.92 ÷ 5 = $115.38 per day.
Multiply the result by the number of days worked.
 If our example employee worked 3 days during the prorated period, she should receive 115.38 x 3 = $346.14.
Deduct for taxes as usual.
Market Research Analyst Salary
Compensate former employees for unused time off.
If the employee is leaving the company with accrued vacation days or sick days.
The employer is usually required by law to pay the employee for this time.
Use the same method to calculate how much to pay per day:
 If the same employee from above has accumulated 6 days of vacation time, she should be paid an additional 115.38 (her daily wage) for each day, or a total of 115.38 x 6 = $692.28.
 Deduct taxes from this amount as well.
Write down the employee’s yearly salary before taxes.
This is the first step toward finding out how much the employee earned during the partial work period.
Use the official salary, not the amount received after taxes.
Find the amount earned each pay period.
Market Research Analyst Salary
Find the fraction of days worked during the partial pay period.
 Write down the number of days the employee worked (at the salary level you are calculating).
 Divide by the number of workdays in that pay period. Count carefully. Don’t assume each pay period has the same number of workdays.
 For example, an employee only worked 14 days in September, when normally he would work 22 days. His fraction of days worked is ^{14}/_{22}.
Multiply this fraction by the amount earned each pay period.
This tells you exactly how much you need to pay the employee.
 For example, an employee that makes $4,166.67 each month but only worked 14 out of 22 workdays in September would receive a prorated paycheck of 4,166.67 x ^{14}/_{22} = $2,651.52.
Deduct for taxes.
Calculate any withheld taxes, deductions for retirement funds.
And other deductions just as you would for that employee’s regular paycheck.
Pay former employees for unused sick time and vacation time.
In these cases, employers are usually required by law to “cashout” on any time off an employee has earned but not yet used.
Pay the employee’s normal wages for this time using the same prorating method above.
 For example, if our employee in the example above has accumulated seven days of paid time off, he should be paid an additional 4,166.67 x ^{7}/_{22} = $1,325.76.
 This compensation is typically taxable, just like normal pay.
Market Research Analyst Salary
More tips

For an hourly employee, you do not need to use either of the above methods.

Simply multiply the usual hourly wage by the number of hours worked during the partial pay period.

Pay the hourly employee this amount, deducting taxes as usual.

Overtime pay is calculated as normal for prorated payments.

Don’t forget that many states have their own payroll/income taxes in addition to the federal ones.

Since prorated pay is taxable, you’ll also need to deduct these to determine the employee’s pay.
Market Research Analyst Salary

In some countries, an exempt salaried employee can only be prorated under specific conditions.

Most commonly when her employment begins or ends in the middle of a pay period.

You cannot reduce her pay because of a reduction in hours.

Employers have been challenged (unsuccessfully) in court for choosing the method that results in less money. ^{ }

^{}It may be best to use one method for all prorated employees.
Conclusion