19 Tips to Open Mini Salt Refinery Jobs

Refinery jobs: Though the country has a total design refining capacity of 445,000 bopd (barrel of oil per day) expected from its conventional refineries, low refining output is recorded leading to scarcity of various-refined products within the country.

Little success stories have also been achieved in encouraging private investors into the petroleum downstream sector.

Aside the large money spent on the importation of refined products.

The sub-optimal performance of the country’ss refineries has also led to high rate of unemployment.

Under-utilization of our raw crude oil.

Bad reputation among other oil-producing countries.

And most importantly deprivation of feed to its petrochemical industry.

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In an attempt to provide solutions to the sad scenario above.

The country is left with the options of establishing more conventional refineries.

Legalizing the illegal refineries, swapping of raw crude with refined products.

From other countries or setting up of modular refineries within the country.

The establishment of more conventional refineries for conversion of oil into various products.

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In the country’s, setting up modular refineries will help to: support the low performance of the existing refineries, eradicate the shortage of petroleum products, minimize over reliance on imported petroleum products, remove the need for subsidy, encourage private investors since the start off capital is small in comparison to a conventional refinery and ensure optimal use of our resources which in turn has a multiplier effect on the economy.

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Once you’ve decided you want to start a small business, formulated your business plan, lined up financing, and secured a site, the time will finally come to actually open up shop. While planning a business may present challenges, the actual act of opening a business and bringing the business concept to fruition has its own set of difficulties. To have a better chance of long-term success, you need to get your business off to a good start. Here are a few tips on how to legally establish your business, hire your first employees, spreading the word, and organizing a grand opening.

1. Ensure you have a business plan.

A business plan is critical to the success of a business and can be seen as a plan that describes your business, products/services, market, and describes how your business will go about expanding for the next three to five years. It is essentially a “road map” for your business to follow going forward.

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2. Determine the legal structure of your business.

Before starting your business and filing the necessary papers, it is important to decide on how your business will be legally structured. Generally speaking, you will be establishing either a sole proprietorship; partnership; corporation; or limited liability company (LLC). There are important legal and tax implications for each.

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  • A sole proprietorship is owned and run by one person, and there is no distinction between the owner and the business. This means that all the business’ profits, losses, debts, and liabilities are your responsibility. Choose this if you are the sole owner and want full responsibility for the business.
  • Partnership. A partnership occurs when two or more people share ownership. In a partnership, each partner has equal share (unless specified) in the profits, liabilities, and management of the business. This can be useful in terms of pooling capital and expertise to start the business.

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  • Corporation: A corporation is an independent legal entity owned by shareholders. Generally, this structure is not appropriate for small businesses.
  • Limited Liability Company (LLC): An LLC is similar to a partnership, except members are protected from personal liability for actions of the LLC. For example, if the LLC is sued, the personal assets of the partners are typically exempt. If you are worried about personal exposure to lawsuits or debts arising from your business, this may be a good option.

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3. Form the necessary legal structure.

A different procedure exists for forming each one of these structures, and some require more work while others are extremely simple.

4. Register your business name.

Unless you are running the business under your own name, such as “John Smith Painting,” most states require you to register a “Doing Business As” (DBA) name for tax and legal purposes. Registering a DBA is done with your state government or county clerk’s office. Search the specific requirements of your state online.

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5. Obtain a business license.

The city or county which you operate within will require a business license. Typically, these forms can be found on the website for your city.

  • These forms will require your business type, address, # of employees, EIN, and possibly information regarding revenue (estimations will work fine here).
  • Keep in mind that licensing requirements often apply to online and home-based businesses as well as typical brick-and-mortar businesses. Requirements do vary according to location, so be certain to contact your local and state government to determine specific requirements.

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6.Inquire as to other necessary permits.

Unfortunately, each city or county has different permit requirements for businesses. These can include things like “Home Occupation Permits” for home based businesses, “Alarm Permits” if your business requires a commercial alarm, or various alcohol and firearm permits.

  • Contact your local government’s permitting bureau or similar authority, or seek out the local chamber of commerce or business association for advice.

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7. Establish a bank account for your business.

It is very important not to mix business and personal finances, as this can lead to issues with the IRS. Having separate bank accounts for business and personal transaction simplifies accounting and makes tax requirements easier to understand.

  • To open a business account, simply contact your local bank or credit union.

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8. Hire the right people.

The first impression is critical for a new small business, and unless you’ll be doing all the work yourself, that impression will be made at least in part by the people you hire.

  • Ideally you can find someone who is familiar with the business — someone who has twirled dough if you’re opening a pizza shop, for instance — but even more important is finding a person who is willing and eager to learn. You need employees who want to learn to do things (and represent your business) your way.
  • You do have to be willing to let go a little, however. This business has been your baby for a long time, but as you let it out into the world, you’ll need help taking care of it.
  • Look for employees who are eager to contribute ideas and adapt as the business goes through its early growing pains.

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9. Do your homework.

Look over resumes. Call references. Don’t just hire your nephew to make your brother happy. (Wait until your business gets on its feet.)

Key questions like “Can you provide an example of a problem that you successfully solved?” may offer insights into a potential employee’s ambition, ingenuity, and work ethic.

 Keep in mind that such questions are common, however, and the interviewee may have prepared stock answers already. (An inability to answer effectively is thus a bad sign.) In addition, try to think up a few problem-solving hypotheticals, for instance, that are specific to your small business.

10. Prepare your site.

Whether you have a physical or virtual business site, the impression it makes on your initial customers will go a long way toward determining your chances of success.

  • If your business involves a storefront — a candy shop or used-book store, for instance — set up your space to represent your vision for the business. Coordinate color patterns and décor with your logo, for example, or consider personalizing it with family photos to establish your essential connection to this business. Consider hiring a professional interior designer and/or decorator.
  • A web presence is becoming (if not already) essential for any new small business, so don’t take this aspect for granted. Especially if your business has a substantial web-based component, make your site intuitive, manageable, and suited to the brand identity you want to build. Hiring a professional web designer may be a good idea.
  • If your budget is tight, and/or your business does not require a traditional storefront, don’t overspend on a fancy space. A local coffee shop can make a good place to meet clients, or you can rent a space as needed for such gatherings. Wait until your business has a solid foundation before expanding into a nicer space.

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11. Consider a “soft” opening.

There is no rule that says your first day of business has to also be your Grand Opening.

Give your business a chance to work out the kinks before announcing itself to the world.

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12. Start early.

Don’t wait until opening day, or even until you know when opening day will be.

Be proactive in establishing brand awareness and generating anticipation.

A “coming soon” sign on your in-preparation storefront is a good start, but not enough on its own.

  • Preserve the bulk of your initial marketing budget for the Grand Opening, but before that time utilize budget-friendly options like flyers, targeted direct mail, and a social media presence.
  • Try to build your brand even before your location is ready. If you’re going to be selling handcrafted necklaces or handmade pierogies, seek out a local craft or food festival where you can set up a table and sell your wares. (Be sure to advertise your forthcoming retail presence.) If you’re an accountant, maybe you can volunteer to offer tax advice at the local community center or library (and hand out business cards).

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13. Establish a marketing budget.

The run-up to opening and first few months of operation may very well make or break your new small business, so make sure you give your initial marketing push a strong effort.

  • One suggestion is to dedicate 20% of your first year’s marketing budget to your Grand Opening. This amount should be significant enough to spread your message widely at a time when your ads are likely to be their most effective, but at the same time isn’t an “all your eggs in one basket” situation that leaves you with limited ability for subsequent advertising.

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  • Spend, for example, $4,500 advertising your Grand Opening, because that amount should be sufficient for two media buys. If that amount is beyond your reach, you may be able to utilize a mix of flyers, direct mailings, promotional items (balloons, banners, etc.), and a “sign spinner” at a busy intersection for around $1,500.
  • This, of course, assumes you have a fairly large marketing budget of $22,500 ($4,500 is 20% of $22,500). Since many businesses have much smaller marketing budgets (maybe only a few thousand dollars), always work within whatever 20% of your marketing budget is.

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14. Use traditional media.

If your marketing budget allows, consider using traditional media like radio or newspaper. If you can manage television advertising as well, it is always a good idea to diversify your ad presence.

  • Before tossing radio aside as an outdated media format, note that some three-quarters of U.S. adults listen to radio at least occasionally, and often do so when driving somewhere. Thus, radio can be a particularly good advertising method for retail stores and restaurants. Target your advertising by format (Top 40, Country, Talk, etc.) and time of day to maximize impact.

    Refinery jobs

  • Newspapers are popular among over-35 adults, but even a decent percentage of younger adults read a paper occasionally. Newspapers are still a cost-effective way to reach thousands of potential customers.
  • Consider including coupons as well; they provide not only motivation to visit but a tangible connection between a potential customer and your business. It is also easy to track their effectiveness, as more coupons coming in mean they are doing their job.

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  • You may assume that TV advertising is beyond your small business budget, but there are options for producing and placing lower-cost ads, sometimes with the assistance of the local broadcast network. Consider bunching your ads during programs relevant to your targeted customer base — TV judge shows for a legal practice or the nightly news sports report for a golf training academy, for instance — so that you seem like a major sponsor.

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15. Consider when to make your opening “grand.

As mentioned, there is no requirement to hold your Grand Opening on your first day of business, and it is often advisable to wait even a couple of weeks before staging it.

16. Make it an event.

Work hard to build excitement in the days and even weeks leading up to your Grand Opening.

  • Use the term “Grand Opening” in your marketing — it makes it seem more special than just an “open for business” notice. Create excitement by offering prizes, giveaways, demonstrations, special deals, etc., for visitors that day.
  • Hire a photographer to capture the event for media (traditional or social) consumption. Bring in live entertainment, extra staffing, even security if you expect an especially large crowd.
  • If your business and/or its location aren’t conducive to a large public Grand Opening, consider having an event more along the lines of a “launch party” at a nearby restaurant, banquet hall, etc.

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17. Guarantee a positive customer experience.

Plan ahead and do whatever you can to ensure that attendees walk away from your Grand Opening with a positive first impression of your new business. Oversights as simple as inadequate parking, long food lines, or running out of paper products in the restrooms can sour an otherwise enthusiastic reception.

  • Have extra staff on hand to make sure customers don’t have to wait too long for service or attention.
  • If parking may be an issue, try to work out arrangements beforehand with other businesses or community groups — perhaps setting up satellite parking at a nearby church, for instance.
  • Send attendees home with a token of your appreciation — ideally something with your logo on it — along with a coupon / special deal for a return visit.

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18. Involve the community.

Establish your connection to the local community from the very start of your business. Let people envision your business having a positive community impact for years to come.

  • Invite the local press to your event, but also other local business and community leaders. Network with as many as possible and establish yourself as a member of the local team.
  • If possible, align your Grand Opening with a community event, when local crowds will already be gathered. Make it seem like a part of that larger celebration. Sponsor the entertainment at the holiday lighting celebration or midsummer festival. Advertise both your business and your deep connection to the community.

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19. Introduction to Salt Processing Plants

A plant designed with the above mentioned processing stages presents the following characteristics:

– An output of 30 Tons/hr. of washed salt and 15 Tons/hr. of dried salt
– An overall area of 13,000 m2 of which 2,400 m2 must be covered.

Under the covered area the drying, screening, packing and palletising machines will be installed, as well as the dried palletised products. The open area will include the washing plant, the stockpile of coarse salt to be processed, the water draining tanks and the storage of palletised bagged products. There will also be an area for the main cabin with 600 kW power and supply group with 150 kW power, in case of power cut.

Salt Washing

This can be considered as the most important stage during which the salt loses certain chlorides that precipitate in salt processing. At the beginning the salt is automatically placed in a vat previously filled up with saturated water, in order to be washed. In the vat, the salt is freed from all the impure particles, which are particularly light and rise towards the surface to pass into the draining tanks. Furthermore, by means of electro-pumps of appropriate power and pressure, 50% solution of salt and water is forwarded to the centrifugal unit.

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Salt Spin Drying

This process is carried out through continuous charge 900 rpm. Speed hydroextractors that free the salt of the water it contains, in order to achieve approximately a 4% humidity.
The abovementioned water-salt solution coming from the washing vat is then drawn into the extractor by the electropumps.

The centrifugal force of hydroextractors provides the water separation and the salt falling with a very low relative humidity.
The water retired returns to the washing vat and the salt is ready to be triturated or ground..

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Salt Grinding

This is a particular stage, necessary to satisfy the market demands concerning the fine salt sector
This stage is obtained through a series of mills which receive the salt coming from the spin drying unit.

Here the salt is milled in order to considerably reduce its grain size and to produce table salt for household use, salt required for Industrial applications use and for leather tanning.

Salt Drying

This stage is performed by rotating or fluid bed type dryers. Both types of dryers have to reduce the humidity of the salt from 4% to 0.2%.
The machines dry the salt at a temperature of about 200° C. by means of previously heated hot air.

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Salt Screening

This stage is carried out by means of Vibrating Screens with an appropriate screening-vibrating capacity, in order to grade different grain size ranges coming from the milling and drying stages.

Types of salt:

• Coarse dried salt
• Medium dried salt
• Fine dried salt
• Powder

The different types of salt with various grain sizes are stored in separate storage silos to be later bagged or packaged.

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Salt Color Sorting

The sodium chloride can be available as rock salt or as sea salt combined with other salts. Therefore, it is possible to obtain salt on an industrial scale basis from either rock salt mines or through solar evaporation of sea water.
In both cases a certain quantity of impurities still remain in the salt, due to the presence of residue of rock or grit from the sea bed.

Obviously such impurities affect the quality of salt and diminishing its market value.
The colour sorting machines represent an effective solution for the elimination of impurities.
Working on pre-determined size ranges (from 3 to 20 mm.) totally controlled by microprocessors, the colour sorting machines are provided with a continuous self-diagnosis so as to steadily maintain the calibration conditions required, with possibility to store an unlimited number of programs related to the different work typologies.

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Salt Sacking

The industrial market requires the use of 50 kg or 25 kg bags.

By means of automatic bagging machines that have an output of 800 bags/hour, the salt is packed with the following configuration:

• Coarse salt in 50 kg. bags
• Washed salt in 25 kg. bags
• Whole coarse salt in 25 kg. bags
• Coarse dried salt in 25 kg. bags
• Medium dried salt in 25 kg. bags
• Fine dried salt in 25 kg. bags

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Salt Packinging

This is one of the most important stages as the dried salt is removed from storage bins and packaged by means of automatic packaging machines, with an output of 200-300 packets/1’, ready for household use.
The appeal to the market also depends on the type of packaging, aspect of the package, homogeneous grain size, the brightness of the product and the absence of foreign matters.

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Salt Bags Palletising

In modern industry efficiency is guaranteed by automatic palletising and strapping lines, with a high degree of standardization and speed in the process.

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