8 Tips to Become a Roofer

Roofer: This is manual work at the journeyman level in the repair.

Maintenance, and installation of roofs and flashing.

Work involves repairing, maintaining, and removing roofs.

And the installation of new ones.

Assignments are received through oral instructions.

Prior to and during the progress of a job.

Work is reviewed while in progress and upon completion.

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Good with tools? Not afraid of heights?

Make it to the top by becoming a roofer.

Roofers work on houses and buildings to build.

Maintain and repair roofs.


They use a variety of tools and materials to get the job done.

And depending on the type of roof, including asphalt, galvanized steel, and shingles.

Roofing is a craft that takes time and balance.


Roofers must be able to align the shingles.

Or other materials properly in order to protect the house.

From weather like wind, rain and snow.

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Roofers may need to inspect damage on roofs.

Estimate costs and materials to fix or build a roof.

Install insulation or vapor barriers.


Cut materials to fit corners and against walls.

And seal everything to avoid leaks.

Other roofs may need to be covered in tar and gravel to protect it from the elements.

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There are no education requirements for roofers.

And most training is done on the job.

Apprenticeships are available from unions.

Contractor associations and similar.

Typically, to qualify for the program you must be at least 18.

Have a high school diploma and be physically able.


  • Balance: Roofers work on roofs, which might have very steep pitches.
  • Balance is crucial to the job and a roofer’s safety.
  • Strength: Roofers need to be able to carry heavy materials.
  • Like bundles of shingles, up ladders and onto roofs.
  • Stamina: Roofers spend most of their day on their feet outside.
  • Sometimes during intense heat or cold.
  • No Fear of Heights: Roofs can be very high.
  • Roofers need to be steady and unafraid of being in high places.

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Considerable knowledge of the tools.

Equipment, materials, and methods utilized in roof repair and installation.

Considerable knowledge of the hazards and safety requirements of the trade.

Knowledge of various roofing materials and standard specifications for different roof types.


Ability to remove and install roofs.

Ability to erect necessary rigging.

Ability to work at heights and on flat and inclined surfaces.

Ability to supervise the work of others.

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Ability to climb ladders and set up work requirements in a safe manner.

Ability to understand and follow oral and written instructions.

Skill in the use of appropriate tools and equipment.

5. Basic Job Description:

Cover roofs of structures with shingles, slate.

Ssphalt, aluminum, wood, and related materials.

May spray roofs, sidings, and walls with material to bind.

Seal, insulate, or soundproof sections of structures.

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6. Job Duties and Tasks for: “Roofer”

1) Align roofing materials with edges of roofs.

2) Apply alternate layers of hot asphalt or tar and roofing paper to roofs, according to specification.

3) Apply gravel or pebbles over top layers of roofs, using rakes or stiff-bristled brooms.

4) Apply plastic coatings and membranes, fiberglass, or felt over sloped roofs before applying shingles.


5) Cement or nail flashing-strips of metal or shingle over joints to make them watertight.

6) Cover exposed nailheads with roofing cement or caulking to prevent water leakage and rust.

7) Cover roofs and exterior walls of structures with slate.

Asphalt, aluminum, wood, gravel, gypsum, and/or related materials.

Using brushes, knives, punches, hammers and other tools.

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8) Cut felt, shingles, and strips of flashing.

And fit them into angles formed by walls, vents, and intersecting roof surfaces.

9) Cut roofing paper to size using knives; and nail.

Or staple roofing paper to roofs in overlapping strips to form bases for other materials.

10) Glaze top layers to make a smooth finish, or embed gravel in the bitumen for rough surfaces.


11) Inspect problem roofs to determine the best procedures for repairing them.

12) Install partially overlapping layers of material over roof insulation surfaces.

Determining distance of roofing material overlap using chalk lines.

Gauges on shingling hatchets, or lines on shingles.

13) Install vapor barriers and/or layers of insulation on the roof decks of flat roofs, and seal the seams.

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14) Install, repair, or replace single-ply roofing systems.

Using waterproof sheet materials such as modified plastics.

Elastomeric, or other asphaltic compositions.


15) Mop or pour hot asphalt or tar onto roof bases.

16) Clean and maintain equipment.

17) Hammer and chisel away rough spots.

Or remove them with rubbing bricks to prepare surfaces for waterproofing.

18) Punch holes in slate, tile, terra cotta, or wooden shingles, using punches and hammers.

19) Remove snow, water, or debris from roofs prior to applying roofing materials.

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20) Set up scaffolding to provide safe access to roofs.

21) Spray roofs, sidings, and walls with material to bind, seal, insulate.

Or soundproof sections of structures, using spray guns, air compressors, and heaters.

22) Waterproof and damp-proof walls, floors, roofs, foundations.

And basements by painting or spraying surfaces with waterproof coatings.

Or by attaching waterproofing membranes to surfaces.

23) Estimate roofing materials and labor required to complete jobs, and provide price quotes.

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7. Job Summary

Responsible for assisting roofers during the application.

Or repair of roofing materials.

Unloads materials, cleans off roof, applies roofing material.

And cleans site after job is complete.

8. Primary responsibilities

  • Unload materials from truck and unroll roofing material.
  • Ensure there is enough material for entire roof.
  • Lift roofing materials onto roof using pulleys or ladder.
  • Clear debris from roof.
  • Ensure tar is chopped and heated.


  • Scrape or pull off old roofing material.
  • Properly equip all roofers with safety equipment, scaffolding, and hoists.
  • Nail roofing paper and composition shingles into roof.
  • Apply layer of tar on roof.


  • Apply gravel, shingles, or asphalt over tar layer.
  • Cover roof with roofing felt, asphalt strips, or other materials.
  • Apply tile, slate, or composition materials to roof.
  • Locate and repair cracked tiles.
  • Fill in missing tiles.


  • Clear out gutters and drains.
  • Affix metal sheets to roof boards or frameworks.
  • Locate and fix leaks.
  • Repair damage caused from storms and high winds.
  • Nail tiles to roof boards and cover with roofing cement.

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