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15 Tips to Start Local Craft Project in Nigeria

Local Craft Project: There are still people out there making brooms by hand

Baskets provide storage for a variety of items and often are used in home décor.

You can buy baskets online or at many retail stores.

However, you also can make your own baskets using supplies purchased at craft stores.

Or simply using things you have around your house.

They are great for decor. See step 1 to get started making your basket!

Local Craft Project

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Definition and Meaning

The term “craft” denotes a skill, usually employed in branches of the decorative arts (eg. ceramics), or in an associated artistic practice (eg. lace-making). A key feature of crafts is that they involve a high degree of “hands-on” craftsmanship (hence the colloquial term “handicrafts) rather than just skill with a machine.

Some crafts that are practiced by artists working alone are sometimes referred to by the vague term “studio craft”. Metal work, wood turning, glass blowing, and glass art are examples of “studio crafts”, as is pottery – notably the studio pottery movement exemplified by Bernard Leach in Britain.

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Types of Craft

There are hundreds if not thousands of different varieties of handicrafts. The following list of crafts is included merely for illustrative purposes.

Textiles
Appliqué, Crocheting, Embroidery, Felt-making, Knitting, Lace-making, Macramé, Quilting, Tapestry art, Weaving.

Woodcraft
Wood-carving, Wood-turning, Cabinet making, Furniture making, lacquerware.

Papercraft
Paper Modelling, Collage, Decoupage, Origami paper folding, Papier-mâché.

Pottery and Glass Crafts (see also Ancient Pottery)
Ceramics (earthenware, stoneware, porcelain), Mosaic Art, Glass Beadmaking, Glass Blowing, Glass Etching, (see Stained Glass Art Materials/Methods).

Jewellery
Includes metalwork involving processes like embossing, repoussé work, engraving, enamelling (types include champlevé, basse taille, cloisonné, plique-à-jour), granulation and filigree decoration. For more, see: Jewellery: History, Techniques.

Other Examples of Craftwork

Basket weaving, Beer-making, Book-binding, Doll-making, Enamelling, Floral Design, Ikebana, Jewellery-making, Knife-making (cutler), Leatherwork, Metalwork, Model-making, Tattoo Designing, Toy-making.

Local Craft Project

1. Bend the reeds.

Bend the reeds that stick out from the square base into an upwards position. These bent reeds are called spokes. Bending them will make it easier to weave and these spokes will act as the supports for the basket.

2. Split a center spoke.

Split one end of either the third or eighth spoke, starting where it comes out from under the last spoke to cross it. You will now have eleven spokes. You’ll be putting the weaver into the split.

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3. Weave the basket.

Put the tapered end (the smaller end) of a weaver reed into the split spoke and hold it in place with a clothespin. Keep the weaver reed near the base of the basket and weave, by going over one spoke and under the next.

  • If you’re going for a square shape, hold the base corners together with clothespins. This will help maintain the shape of the base.
  • Continue to attach and weave new reeds through the spokes for 3 or 4 rows, depending on the desired height of the basket. Each new reed should be stacked above the reed woven before it.
  • Do your best to make the weave snug and tight, but not too tight or you can screw up the base of the basket. You, also, want to make sure that the weave isn’t too loose.

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4. Foot the base.

This means closing up those square holes that are still in the base. Starting in the left corner of your basket, take the corner spoke and tug it gently. Tug more firmly on the second spoke. You want to tug quite firmly on the middle spoke because this will create an arch in the bottom of the basket. Move to the 4th spoke and tug gently again.

  • Straighten your spokes and repeat on all 4 sides of the basket, until the holes in the base are closed.

5. Continue weaving.

Keep attaching and weaving new reeds through the spokes. Make sure that you don’t pull too hard on the corners, because that will make your spokes bend inward and you’ll lose your basket’s shape.

  • You also don’t want your corners to be too loose, which can happen if you aren’t keeping your spokes upright and parallel while you weave.
  • Stop weaving once you’ve reached your desired height.

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6. Pack the base.

Push or pull the woven rows down towards the base as you weave. Ensure that there is no space between the base and the rows. Start pressing or pulling from the base and move up to the newer reeds as you go.

  • A properly packed basket should have a nicely arched base, straight, parallel spokes, properly spaced corners, and tight weaver rows.

7. Finish the top of the basket.

 Stop weaving your last reed after you have woven 4 spokes past the split spoke. Taper the reed with scissors, moving from the fourth spoke to the end of the reed. Weave until all of the final reed has been woven into the spokes.

 Local Craft Project

8. Trim the basket.

 Cut the spokes with scissors. The spokes should be 1/2 to 2 inches (1.3 to 5 cm) higher than the last woven reed. Fold the spokes towards the inside of the basket over the top row of reeds. Insert the end of each spoke into the third row from the top. Ensure that each spoke lies flat against the inside of the basket.

Local Craft Project

9. Make the rim.

 You’ll wrap a reed around the top row of the basket and pin it to the basket with a clothespin. Now, anchor the new reed by weaving its bottom end into the top few rows inside the basket. This reed is called the lacer.

  • Bring the lacer up and over the reed pinned to the basket and insert it through the front of the basket into the woven rows. Now pull the lacer inside the basket.
  • Continue wrapping the lacer around the pinned reed, circling the circumference of the basket.
  • Glue the end of the lacer inside the basket.
  • Local Craft Project

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10. Make your newspaper sticks.

You’ll use these rolled up sections of newspaper as the spokes and weavers for your basket. Get a thin stick, like a thin knitting needle or a pine skewer or 3mm dowel.

  • Cut the newspaper in half horizontally and then again horizontally.
  • Place the stick at a corner of the piece of newspaper at an acute angle to the newspaper. Start rolling the newspaper around the stick, making sure that you’re doing so tightly.
  • When you’ve rolled it all the way to the other corner, glue it onto the newspaper roll to hold it in place. Remove the dowel or knitting needle.
  • One end will usually be a bit narrower than the other on the newspaper sticks, but that’s how it is supposed to look. When you’re weaving you’ll stick the narrower section of one newspaper stick into another to make them longer.

Local Craft Project

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11. Make the base.

Cut out two rectangular pieces of cardboard whatever size you want your basket to be. On one side of one of the cardboard pieces, put double sided tape. Lay out your newspaper sticks along the sides (you’ll want to do about 13 on the long side and 7 on the short size).

  • Always use an odd number of sticks when making your base.
  • Use double sided tape on the second piece of cardboard and press into place a piece of fabric, whatever color you’d like. Put glue on the side that won’t be facing out and glue the two pieces of cardboard (one with the fabric and one with the sticks) together. Put something heavy on them and leave to dry (about and hour).

Local Craft Project

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12. Begin weaving.

Start at one of the corners. Take a newspaper stick (a weaver) and fold it in half. Thread it around the corner stick. Using each half of the weaver weave around the upright sticks, with one half of the stick and the other half in back.

  • Keep the upright sticks parallel to one another and pulled upright, and keep the weavers pulled tight. You don’t want them too loose.
  • At the corners you’ll want to do an extra twist (over and under) before continuing the twist down the next side.

13. Make the newspaper stick longer.

 As you reach the end of a tube, you’ll need to add another stick to it, so that you can keep going. This is a lot easier than it sounds! All you have to do is insert the narrow end of the second stick into the first and push it in enough that it is secure.

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Local Craft Project

14. Finish the basket.

 Once you’ve added rows until you’ve reached the height you want, it’s time to finish the basket. This is very easy. Cut the leftover upright newspaper sticks to about 1 inch (2.54 cm).

  • For every other upright stick you’ll fold into down into the basket and glue it in place. Use a clothespin to dry it in place.
  • For the sticks you didn’t fold into the basket, you’ll fold down on the outside and weave into the upper part of the basket.

Local Craft Project

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15. Paint it.

 This is a completely optional step, as newspaper baskets look cool just as they are, but you can also paint them a color of your choosing. You could use a white acrylic paint and add a tinted varnish (which makes them look like a more ‘authentic’ basket), or you could use a bright, bold spray paint.


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