10 Steps To Business Procurement Cycle

Steps To Business Procurement Cycle in Nigeria : Management in any company must understand the art of obtaining products and services.

The procurement cycle follows specific steps for identifying a requirement or need of the company through the final step of the award of the product or contract.

Responsible management of public and corporate funds is vital when handling this necessary process.

Whether in strong or weak economic markets.

Following a proven step-by-step technique will help management successfully achieve its goals on Business Procurement Cycle.

Read on: How Profitable is Recharge Card Printing Business in Nigeria (6 tips)

Business Procurement Cycle: https://medium.com

Business Procurement Cycle

Read on: 22 Best Ways to Get Financial Freedom with Recharge and get paid in Nigeria

Business Procurement Cycle

Read on: How to Start Tailoring Business in Nigeria

Step 1: Need Recognition

The business must know it needs a new product, whether from internal or external sources.

The product may be one that needs to be reordered, or it may be a new item for the company.

Step 2: Specific Need

The right product is critical for the company.

Some industries have standards to help determine specifications.

Part numbers help identify these for some businesses.

Other industries have no point of reference. The company may have ordered the product in the past.

If not, then the business must specify the necessary product by using identifiers such as color or weight.

See also: How Profitable is Recharge Card Printing Business in Nigeria

Steps To Business Procurement Cycle

Step 3: Source Options

The business needs to determine where to obtain the product.

The company might have an approved vendor list.

If not, the business will need to search for a supplier using purchase orders or research a variety of other sources such as magazines, the Internet or sales representatives.

The company will qualify the suppliers to determine the best product for the business.

Step 4: Price and Terms

The business will investigate all relevant information to determine the best price and terms for the product.

This will depend on if the company needs commodities (readily available products) or specialized materials.

Usually the business will look into three suppliers before it makes a final decision.

Read also: How to Invest in Transportation Business in Nigeria

Steps To Business Procurement Cycle`

Step 5: Purchase Order

The purchase order is used to buy materials between a buyer and seller. It specifically defines the price, specifications and terms and conditions of the product or service and any additional obligations.

Step 6: Delivery

The purchase order must be delivered, usually by fax, mail, personally, email or other electronic means.

Sometimes the specific delivery method is specified in the purchasing documents.

The recipient then acknowledges receipt of the purchase order. Both parties keep a copy on file.

See also: How to Invest in Property in Nigeria

Steps To Business Procurement Cycle

Step 7: Expediting

Expedition of the purchase order addresses the timeliness of the service or materials delivered.

It becomes especially important if there are any delays.

The issues most often noted include payment dates, delivery times and work completion.

Step 8: Receipt and Inspection of Purchases

Once the sending company delivers the product, the recipient accepts or rejects the items.

Acceptance of the items obligates the company to pay for them.

See also: 47 Top Business to Business(B2B) one can Start in Nigeria

Steps To Business Procurement Cycle

Step 9: Invoice Approval and Payment

Three documents must match when an invoice requests payment – the invoice itself.

The receiving document and the original purchase order.

The agreement of these documents provides confirmation from both the receiver and supplier.

Any discrepancies must be resolved before the recipient pays the bill.

Usually, payment is made in the form of cash, check, bank transfers, credit letters or other types of electronic transfers.

Steps To Business Procurement Cycle

Step 10: Record Maintenance

In the case of audits, the company must maintain proper records.

These include purchase records to verify any tax information and purchase orders to confirm warranty information. Purchase records reference future purchases as well.

Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.